Useful information on logistics and transport
Do you have a question about the delivery, as well as the need to know how to calculate the volume of cargo, we need our help?
In general, for what purpose is the volume calculated?
The volume must be calculated in order to avoid misunderstandings when loading loaded boxes into a vehicle. The volume calculated with the help of modern technology is easy.
What criteria do we use to calculate cargo volume?
First of all, everyone knows that every detail is important in the delivery process, and it is important to calculate the volume of cargo as a whole without errors and further choose the type of transport.
What is the calculation of volumes in the delivery? And what role does he play?
Calculation of volume is how much, you have already understood a very important stage in the delivery, and you need to trust it in the reliable hands of professionals. Calculation of the volume of cargo must be done carefully, taking into account all the dimensions, and translating them into cubic meters.
But unfortunately, not everyone can cope with these calculations.
Even at school, we studied how to calculate the volume of cargo in m3, but unfortunately, you will not remember all this. How to calculate the volume of cargo in m3 — there are cases when this question takes the first place, for example, at the time of delivery.
We are ready to explain how to calculate the volume of m3, because it can be done independently or to check our calculations. How to calculate the volume of m3, for this it is necessary to convert the dimensions into meters, then multiply,
formula: D * W * H.
Why do I need to know how to calculate the cubic capacity?
Calculation of the volume of cargo in cubic meters is necessary for you to submit the correct order for its transportation. The calculation of the volume of cargo in cubic meters, i.e., knowledge of the volume itself will help determine what type of delivery will suit you.
And now let’s get to the main point, let’s talk about how to make calculations and why they are necessary.
First, let’s figure it out …
And do all remember that such a volume, how to calculate it, the formula for calculating, of course, most people have forgotten how and what it is. The volume of how to calculate it, is written and explained in the formulas given in the article, it remains to indicate the size.
It is not always easy to calculate the volume of cargo, as it seems, all this is due to the fact that the boxes can be of various shapes. Calculate the volume of cargo rectangular boxes, nothing, but the rest is hard, you need to know the formula.
To begin with, we define the form, for this we first find out what they are.
What form can a box have?
— Cube; — Rectangle; — Cylinder; — Truncated pyramid (very rare).
Then follow the measurement.
Before you calculate the volume of the box, measure it, but remember, the more accurately the measurements are made, the easier it is for you. «How to calculate the volume of the box?» — what to do next: determine what shape it is (cube or rectangle), dimensions.
What gives us knowledge of the volume?
Knowledge of the volume of the box will not allow misunderstandings when loading goods into any kind of transport that may be. Virtually nothing depends on the volume of the box; rather, on the contrary, everything depends on the size of the product itself.
And why? Everything is obvious, before you buy a box, you need to know the size of the cargo that you are going to transport across the border.
Well, you know the size of the cargo, now it remains to calculate its volume (to purchase a box).
So, in order to find out how to calculate the volume of cargo in m3, the formula will be required in the first place. How to calculate the volume of cargo in m3 formula will help without a doubt in this matter, this is how it looks like V = a * b * h, everything is very simple.
Especially since you already know it.
Calculate the volume of cargo in m3 is very simple, here you need to know the exact dimensions, which then need to be multiplied.
Units must be converted exactly in m3, otherwise it will not be possible to calculate the delivery.
What to do if the shape of the box is not rectangular, but rounded? After all, this is a great rarity, but it still happens.
You can count the volume of boxes or containers at the base of which is a circle, and for this there is also a formula. The volume can be calculated by the shape of a circle by the expression V * r2 * h, the dimensions must first be accurately measured.
How to calculate the volume of cargo (or boxes)? Do not forget about the quantitative unit that you take into account.
How to calculate the cubic capacity of the box (cargo)? Remember that cubic capacity is the number of cubic units in the volume of a given body.
And finally, let’s remember the math!
What is the most common problem?
Many people confuse how to calculate the volume of flat figures and volumetric figures, since, they are mistaken in terms, more precisely they find it difficult to answer. How to calculate the volume is not necessary to know, enough of what you specify the size, the main thing do not forget that there are 3 of them.
Having completed all the calculations, there remains one more task.
After calculating the volume of cargo was not a problem, you need to think about what type of delivery to choose. Calculate the volume of cargo for the selection of transport you have to accurately, not allowing any errors or omissions.
And what kind of transport do you need?
Recall that in the delivery, in addition to how to calculate the cubic capacity, there are still not less important things, for example, the placement of goods. You know how to calculate the cubic capacity, so everything else is in your hands, now the choice of transport depends on you.
The wagon is a tractor plus a semi-trailer for 20 tons and with a volume of 86 cubes, 90 cubes, 120 cubes, etc.
Thanks to its excellent maneuverability and maneuverability, the truck can deliver up to 20 tons or up to 120 cubic meters of cargo to the right address.
Semitrailers of a truck can be onboard, awning, curtain, vans, refrigerators, container trucks — by the name of the trailer the wagon is called “Wagon tentovannaya”, “wagon refrigerator”, “wagon onboard”, “wagon thermos” etc. A wagon delivers consumer goods, industrial goods, food, long or bulky goods, etc.
One of the advantages of trucking by truck, especially for transport companies, is the possibility of loading and unloading the car, even from above, even from the side, or even from behind.
Loading and unloading can be done by truck crane, loader or using the forces of the loaders — options weight. The tent of the truck is removed, which allows loading non-standard cargoes and pallets from the side.
In the tent truck of 20 tons, 30-34 pallets are placed.
In order to accurately calculate how much a truck costs, besides the route, we need to know the type of cargo, its weight and volume.
In any case, the price is always agreed with the customer individually, there may be big discounts on certain destinations. We always look forward to long-term relationships with customers, so we are glad to meet you in solving any issues.
Under the size of the truck means the dimensions of the semi-truck. Semitrailers are of various types: Euroterent, isothermal, refrigeration, onboard.
Sizes of the truck with the tentovanny semi-trailer (eurotruck, eurovent).
In the tented semi-trailer (wagon tentovannoy) you can place additional equipment — belts, lift shovels, fastening handrails, etc. The awning is retracted, and loading can be made from above, side or behind. You can also remove the rack and load a lengthy load in the tilt truck. Thanks to this universality, Euro-trucks are most often ordered by our customers. The volume of the tented truck is 86-120 cubes.
Wagon up to 82-96 cubes, eurotent:
Truck loading capacity — 20-22 tons.
Truck height — 2.40 -2.50 m.
The length of the truck is 13.2 — 13.6 m.
The width of the truck is 2.43-2.45 m.
The volume is 82-96 m3.
Body — closed.
Truck loading — top, back, side.
Capacity — 33 europallets (120×80 cm).
Dimensions of an isothermal truck.
The isothermal wagon is used for transportation of goods without a strictly temperature regime, since the isothermal van maintains the initial temperature for a certain time, for transportation over long distances it is necessary to use a wagon — refrigerator. The internal dimensions of the truck isothermal depend on the layer of insulation.
Isothermal wagon 82-96 cubes dimensions:
Truck loading capacity — 20 tons.
Truck height — 2.4 -2.5 m.
The length of the truck is 13.2 -13.6 m.
The width of the truck is 2.43 — 2.45 m.
Volume — 82-96 cubes.
Body — closed.
Truck loading — back.
Dimensions of refrigerated trucks (refrigerator).
The refrigerator semi-trailer of the truck has an autonomous refrigeration unit, due to which perishable goods can be transported by a refrigerator van. Temperatures inside can be set from -20C to + 12C, regardless of the temperature overboard.
Trucks refrigerators are divided into classes according to the European classification ATP Europe:
Class A refrigerator wagon: from +12 C to 0 C.
Class B refrigerator wagon: from +12 C to — 10 C.
Class C refrigerator wagon: from +12 C to — 20 C.
Class D wagon refrigerator: less than or equal to +2 C.
Class E truck refrigerator: less than or equal to -10 C.
Class F wagon refrigerator: less than or equal to -20 C.
The dimensions of the truck refrigerator capacity — 20 tons.
The height of the refrigerator wagon is 2.4-2.5 m.
The length of the refrigerator wagon is 13.2-13.6 m.
The width of the refrigerator wagon is 2.43-2.45 m.
Refrigerator wagon volume is 82-86 cubes.
Body — closed.
Truck loading — back.
The size of the truck — side open dlinnomer (scow).
The side wagon is more often used for transportation of building materials, equipment not afraid of atmospheric precipitation.
Loading capacity of the onboard truck — 20 tons.
The length of the side wagon is 11.7-13.6 m.
Wagon side width — 2.35-2.45 m.
Body of the onboard truck — open.
Sidecar loading — side, back and top.
The size of the truck — hitch 110-ka, 120-ka semi-trailer + trailer (road train).
A road train is a hitch of two wagon trailers, usually 60m3 in volume. In general, an automatic trailer hitch can transport 110 -120 cubic meters of cargo along general roads without obtaining special permits. But the lifting capacity of the hitch does not exceed, as a rule, 15,000 kg. Wagon 120 cubes most suitable for the transport of bulk and light loads.
Coupling capacity — 15-20 tons.
Truck height — 2.6-3 m.
The length of the truck is 13.6-16 m.
The width of the truck is 2.43-2.45 m.
The volume is 110-120 cubes.
Body — closed.
Truck loading — side, top, back.
Yumba wagon size (Jumbo), low loader:
Suitable for transportation of high, cubature cargo.
Loading capacity Yumba trucks — 20 tons.
Wagon width — 2.45 m.
Volume — from 86 to 110 cubes body — closed.
The size of the step Yumba: height: 2.5-2.7 m. Length: 4.4 m. Width: 2.45 m.
The size of the main part of Yumba: height: 3.15-3.5 m. Length: 9.2 m. Width: 2.45 m.
Customs clearance is the procedure of placing goods under a certain customs regime and the release of goods in accordance with the terms of this regime.
The customs clearance procedure begins no later than 30 minutes after the customs official declared her readiness for customs clearance in respect of specific goods and vehicles, with the filing of the customs declaration by the declarant, filled in accordance with the rules established for the declared regime.
Verification of documents and information stated in the CCD is made by customs authorities in accordance with the procedure for customs clearance and customs control.
The decision on the release or non-release of goods on the accepted CCD should be made by the customs authority no later than the end of the next working day after acceptance.
In necessary cases, this period may be extended to 10 days.
The main customs clearance of goods and vehicles includes five stages:
1. The stage of receiving, registering and recording customs declarations.
At this stage, a declaration and other documents required for customs clearance are received, a general check of the customs declaration and its electronic copy for compliance with the current filling rules in accordance with the declared regime, as well as verification of compliance of the electronic copy of the customs declaration with a paper medium.
2. The stage of control over the correctness of determining the product code in accordance with the Commodity Nomenclature of Foreign Economic Activities and the country of origin, as well as compliance with non-tariff regulation measures.
At this stage, the correctness of the definition of the product code is checked in accordance with the TNVED of the CIS, verification of documents and information confirming the origin of the goods and the provision of tariff benefits and preferences in this regard.
3. Stage of currency control and control of customs value.
At this stage, the conformity of the information stated in the customs declaration with the information contained in the documents submitted for currency control is checked; adjustment of the customs value and customs payments during customs clearance, verification of the correctness of the declaration of the customs value of goods in accordance with the chosen method of determining the customs value and documents confirming, temporary (conditional) assessment of the goods with the provision of this goods for use by the declarant.
4. The stage of control of customs payments.
At this stage, the correctness of the calculation of customs payments, the validity of the declared tariff and tax benefits and preferences, observance by the declarant of the established deadlines for filing a customs declaration, the person responsible for customs payments, arrears in customs payments, checking the actual cash flow to the account the customs authority, the accrual of interest for late payment of customs payments.
5. The stage of inspection and release of goods.
At this stage, the passage of the previous stages of customs clearance and control is checked; the decision on inspection; inspection and recording of inspection results, completion of customs clearance by making a decision on the release of goods in accordance with the declared customs regime or the impossibility of release of goods and vehicles.
1. Groupage cargo.
If you need to carry a small in terms of volume / size / weight cargo, pay attention to the companies that offer services for the transportation of groupage cargo. This delivery option allows you to transport several batches of goods from different companies and intended to different recipients using one vehicle. Thus, the most advantageous cost of transportation for each individual cargo is achieved.
2. Use alternative means of transport.
Carry all the time by car, and suddenly you are offered to use railway transport? Do not immediately abandon this idea. In this case, if the speed of delivery is not your initial priority, the use of railway transport will help you significantly reduce your transportation costs. Sometimes it is worth spending time for a more detailed analysis of alternatives and subsequently remain in the gain due to savings.
3. Do not be afraid of combined transport.
Most often, combined shipments are refused because of the unwillingness to carry out an additional transshipment of goods. And I want to note, it is in vain. All overloads are carried out with the help of special equipment, so the risk of damage to the goods is minimized, but there are a lot of opportunities to save here. Even such a seemingly illogical combination of «auto — auto» will be beneficial when transporting from EU countries to the CIS. European carriers have better roads and better cars, so they charge more for a trip to our region, including the cost of possible repairs.
4. The more customers at your logistics provider, the better.
The ability to regularly carry out large volumes of traffic significantly affects the rate. Very often it is much more profitable to cooperate with the logistics operator rather than with the carrier directly. You get a lower rate due to its volume and for the same price you give all the care of the shipment to a professional freight forwarder.
5. Cargo insurance.
It would seem an expensive item, but in practice you can save a lot by taking care of your cargo beforehand. Customers often confuse carrier liability insurance and cargo insurance. The fact is that the carrier’s liability is limited to approximately 10 euros per 1 kg of gross cargo. It turns out that the cargo owner can expect compensation of up to 200,000 euros with a maximum load of a standard tilt-covered car, and even then only if the loss or damage to the cargo really happens through the fault of the carrier, therefore, even if the value of your cargo per 1 kg Gross weight less than 10 euros, insure. You can not only save money, but also save your nerves.
6. There are quite a few problems with complex deliveries of cargo, especially when it comes to delivery of goods from different regions in a clearly defined period.
In such cases, it is best to cooperate with 3PL operators, who in addition to direct transportation can provide all related services (route development, paperwork, insurance, delivery control, etc.). At first glance, you can save money by doing it yourself, but in the case of non-accounting or simply ignorance of any nuances, you can lose a large amount on downtime or through late delivery.
If you have a specific product that requires special transportation / storage conditions or additional documentation, you should contact a logistics company that specializes in such shipments. An example would be the transportation of pharmaceuticals, alcoholic beverages, chemicals, household appliances, and even works of art. Turning to specialists who have been working with these categories of products for many years, you minimize all risks and can deliver as quickly and efficiently as possible.
8. Transportation of project cargoes is a rather difficult task not only from a logistic but also from a technical point of view.
When transporting oversized cargo, you need to minimize the size of the vehicle with a load, so in this matter it is better to rely on freight forwarders with extensive experience in this field. Cooperation directly with the carrier may not be as beneficial as it seems at first glance. Carriers always operate only with the equipment that they have in stock, and this often makes it impossible to consider alternatives. A good forwarder knows the technical capabilities of all market participants and will help you develop an optimal transportation project with minimal costs.
9. Choose logistics operators with a wide branch network.
The presence of branches in different countries helps to effectively consolidate the counter cargo flows. Thus, providing a full vehicle load on the round trip, the operator can offer a lower rate. In addition, the territorial proximity of the branches to the key points of the transportation route allows the logistic operator to provide better service,
Transportation of perishable goods requires the use of specialized equipment. When delivering goods by road, special body types are used in which the optimum temperature is maintained — refrigerators and isotherms. What is their difference and what is each of them for?
An isothermal body is a sealed system in which a constant temperature is maintained due to a layer of insulating material. There are no own refrigeration units in it, therefore, it is of particular importance when using isotherms that the temperature conditions are met during loading. Sometimes in isothermal bodies cooling occurs with the help of dry ice. Isotherms can also be used for rail delivery (isothermal cars).
For goods that require strong cooling in transit, isotherms are not suitable. In such situations, used refrigerators. The refrigerator is an isothermal body with a refrigeration unit installed inside. Frozen vegetables and fruits, meat, fish and dairy products are transported in refrigerators. Fresh vegetables and fruits in the summer can also be transported in refrigerators, if we are talking about transportation over long distances (for example, from Sochi to Moscow).
There are also reverse situations where the load must not be cooled, but rather heated. Then refrigerators with thermal installations are used. In the cold season they carry canned food, juices, wines, etc.
The choice of a refrigerator or isotherm can be dictated by weather conditions «overboard». For example, it is permissible to transport frozen food in the isothermal body in winter.
In general, isothermal cars will be ideal for the transport of goods that do not require compliance with very strict temperature conditions, as well as for delivery over short distances. In cases where very low or very high temperatures must be maintained, or when transported over long distances, the use of refrigerators is recommended.